Silence is never empty; it is an abode to all the emotions. I’m feeling emotional. My heart is crying and my soul is shouting aloud
The time was racing and Ishan was left with only ten seconds in his bucket. He whirled his fingers across the pieces on the black and white board. The speed of his fingers was accelerating with each tick-tock of the clock. His eyes were tilting now and again and lips were counting moves. There were only kings and pawns on the board. ‘Check and mate,’ he said, pushing his pawn further and smiled gently.
The hall burst with applauds and motivation. Ishan had won the final match in Delhi and become the national champion of Chess. Both the opponents exchanged hands and Ishan stood up, holding his stick. Everyone was feeling proud of him; people wanted to congratulate their new hero. Ishan smiled gently and greeted everyone.
It was happening the first time that a visually impaired had become a national grand master. So, it took no time for him to catch media attention and finalized his first interview immediately after the closing ceremony.
‘Mr. Ishan, first of all, I would like to congratulate you for this big achievement. You have set a living example for the young minds in India,’ the journalist said.
‘Thank you so much,’ Ishan said, gently.
‘Before I get into the technical questions, I would like to ask, how you are feeling right now. I want you to speak your heart out and share your big day with our viewers,’ the journalist asked.
‘Well, I can’t express my feelings in words because It is limitless and powerful at the moment but to give you all a sort of idea, I would say, I’m feeling the same as a saint feels after meeting his God,’ he said, twirling his stick.
Ishan’s face was still the same, calm, and composed. The journalist smiled in agreement and continued interviewing the current national champion.
‘Achievement comes from hard work, perseverance, and patience and I have seen people either shouting aloud or crying after attaining their goals. But, you acted quite opposite. Our viewers want to know the reason behind your calmness,’ he asked another question.
‘Silence is never empty; it is an abode to all the emotions. I’m feeling emotional. My heart is crying and my soul is shouting aloud,’ he answered with luster on his face.
‘Moving ahead, who inspired you to play chess?’ the press officer proceeded.
‘The colors inside it inspired me to play the game. It is the only game that has a positive white and a powerful black. The board teaches us the basis of life. The white color is the creator of all the colors. It is the base and black is a symbol of power and elegance. It can contrast with all other colors,’ he replied.
The correspondent kept quiet for a minute and looked at Ishan astonishingly. He was astonished to see the courage of the boy, the courage to learn chess, courage to live the life of his choice, and courage to give a positive outlook to his life. The boy had proved that disability is merely a matter of perception and that one should never belittle himself. The correspondent recollected the moment when the current national champion got his trophy and cash prize. Ishan was mixed with the shades of grin face, deep eyes, and persistent look. No one could say that he can’t see the colors of the world from his oceanic eyes.
‘Now, your silence is telling me everything about your emotions,’ Ishan pointed.
‘I just learned it from you,’ the journalist said and Ishan laughed in return.
‘You must have faced difficulties when you started playing initially. Share a bit of your experience,’ the correspondent asked, rubbing his eyes.
‘See, everyone faces hardships in his days of struggle. Everyone has his own story and I have my own. People say that a visually impaired can’t see the shades of nature but I say that I can see the most powerful color which can absorb all the colors. I’m a white pawn who can see black. In fact, I love to play with black. Although, white has a first-mover advantage but black is an outstanding follower. It is unflappable and can be offensive when called for.
Moreover, when I touch my pieces, I feel attached to my game. I sense them, I talk to them. I live my game in real sense and I can say that my game is my best friend,’ he responded.
With Ishan’s each answer, the correspondent was getting short with words. Again, silence occurred in the room. He had already proved himself on the stage when he was asked to give a speech. With the same tranquility on his face, he said, ‘People often ask me what does your game teaches you and I say ‘Humanity’ because it doesn’t discriminate. I play with everybody, with men, women, children, veterans. It gives me a sense of equality and I feel proud to be a part of this community.’
The correspondent was listening to his words with all ears. He couldn’t understand what he should say and preferred to stay silent once again. ‘You were right Ishan. When you feel emotional, you can’t utter a word. Silence is the biggest emotion,’ and he dared to speak after few minutes.
‘Anyways, I don’t need to ask you more questions. You yourself are the answer to everyone out there. Before closing this discussion, I want you to give a message to our viewers,’ he added.
‘I’m no one to teach you anything. You are your own teachers. When in doubt, listen to yourself and you will get all the answers. I don’t see myself disable because disability in a real sense is not being physically impaired; in fact, it is underestimating you in any sense. So, never doubt yourself and your capabilities as we say in chess ‘Never underestimate the power of the pawn, he has the capability to produce the queen’ he said with flickering eyes. The correspondent smiled and exchanged hands with Ishan.
‘Thank you for your time Ishan,’ the correspondent said and looked at the camera to end the interview. This was our current national champion Ishan, a young boy who can’t see the world with his eyes but he can visualize everything from his heart,’ he started.
Every person faces hardships in life but it depends on the person himself what option he chooses. If he chooses to wallow in grief or to get up and face what may come. Ishan has proved that he is not visually impaired; in fact, he has a better way to see life. He is a living legend. His life is no less than a game of chess and he is no less than the winner of his life,’ he said and ended.
“Do you know how it feels when you lost your way and then return home safely?” he asked her. “I think so,” she replied, confused.
“I’m feeling the same right now and I don’t want to lose you again,” he said, looking into her eyes, affectionately.
The sun was all set to take another tour at 18 degrees below the horizon. A bright golden layer had started appearing in the beautiful blue sky. The view was so attractive that if any hopeless person would look at it, he would get a reason to live “Dawns have always been extremely beautiful,” Radhika wondered, gazing at the golden sky. “I wish I could look so attractive,” she said to herself. The sight was so breathtaking that Radhika herself was feeling jealous from nature and she was not at all wrong. “This nature has created us. It has the right to look so gorgeous,” she said.
It was 6:15 in the morning and anxious Radhika had not slept overnight. She closed the window gently and switched on the Geyser. It was a big day for her. She was going to meet the man of her life for the first time. Radhika had never imagined in her wildest dreams that she would be doing an arranged marriage. In fact, everyone in the family had expected the opposite from her. She was right on her part. She had spent four years of her life in books, struggled to become a Chartered Accountant. Her dedicated love for her career never allowed her to adore someone else.
Radhika was a beautiful lass with fair complexion and doe eyes. The yellow suit salwar which she chose to wear was adding stars to her splendor. “Radhika, have you got ready? They will be reaching anytime,” Radhika’s mom shouted.
“Yes Mom,” Radhika yelled in the similar tone. As time was flying, the butterflies inside Radhika’s stomach were getting more active. The feeling of excitement and nervousness inside her was competing for each other. It seemed like she had two Radhika’s inside her, one was electrified and other was jumpy. She was wandering in the room hastily from one end to other, with her eyes fixed at the clock.
She never felt so nervous and uneasy. It was, in fact, more difficult than CA final for her. “Calm down Radhika, why are you getting so nervous? The groom should feel this not you,” she tried to compose her but it was not at all working.
“I hope I’m looking good,” she again felt uneasy and looked in the mirror for the 20th time since morning. Radhika has always been much focussed and never cared about anything except her studies and family. This was happening for the first time that she was bothering so much about her looks and dressing.
The groom’s family finally arrived. Both the families greeted each other and the boy touched Radhika’s parents’ feet in respect. “Arjun was waiting for this day eagerly,” Groom’s father chaffed and both the families cracked up in return. Arjun, having no other option, blushed. Arjun was a handsome young man, tall and well fitted. He was an officer in the Indian Air Force and was currently based in Dehradun.
Radhika’s mother called Radhika for the official meet. She came downstairs, her eyes looking at the ground. She was feeling so nervous that her snowy cheeks had turned red.
“Radhika, this is Arjun,” Radhika’s dad introduced both of them and Radhika somehow managed to look up. As she looked at the guy, she got confound and Arjun too looked at Radhika in amazement. Both of them kept on staring each other for a minute as if they had seen something impossible. “I think we should send them both in the garden. They won’t be able to talk here freely,” Arjun’s dad proposed everyone. “Why not,” Radhika’s dad agreed and ‘would be’ groom and bride was sent outside for making their official meet a bit comfortable. They entered the garden area silently without uttering a word.
“You,” Radhika shouted loudly as she entered inside.
“Ssshhhhhhh,” Arjun signaled her to speak slowly.
“Yes, me,” he added.
“I can’t believe this. You are the guy,” Radhika said in a shock.
“In fact, I was not expecting you on the other side,” Arjun countered.
“Wow!!! This is unbelievable,” Radhika tried to believe her fate.
Radhika and Arjun were classmates in the college. Radhika was very studious and so, she never talked to any boy in the class. Arjun, on the other side, was preparing for Indian Air Force and remained busy in his preparations. Unlike a moment before, Radhika seemed to be much calmer. She was behaving casually as if she had met someone very close. Radhika goggled Arjun for a while just to make herself believe that he was actually him “What!!” Arjun asked.
“You have grown up,” Radhika said to him and Arjun laughed.
“I hope I’m looking good,” he said, tilting his crimson tie.
“Are you getting nervous?” she asked.
“Yeah, I think so,” Arjun replied.
“Why? In fact, I should feel so,” Radhika said.
“Why? Can’t a boy feel nervous on his big date,” he said and Radhika smiled in return. She thought of the moment when she was feeling worried about her looks and dressing a few minutes back.
“Do you want to ask something? He asked her.
Radhika again looked at him, amused. Arjun was behaving completely different of what Radhika had expected the date to be. “Why would I ask something? In fact, you should ask something no?” Radhika asked.
“Why not, it is equally new to you as it is for me,” he said.
“So, what do you think about this meet?” finally she asked one.
“Umm, Do you really want me to answer this?” he asked.
“Yes, an honest one,” she said.
“Alright, do you remember that card in the college which you found on your desk?”
“Yeah, secret admirer. Haha, that was really funny. Who does that?” she said.
“Me,” Arjun replied and Radhika looked at her, numb. “It was you?” she asked.
“Yes,” Arjun answered and they both looked into each other’s eyes’
“Why didn’t you say anything?” she asked.
“You were not ready to listen. You were busy in making career,” he explained.
“Do you remember the food that my friend Ginny used to bring for you?” Radhika asked him.
“Yeah. I used to love it,” he said excitedly and Radhika gave him a dirty look. Arjun again looked at her in a confused manner.
“Don’t say, it was from your side,” Arjun said, mystified and Radhika nodded her head in yes without uttering a word.
“Whoa!!! Noooo, just a second, why didn’t you say anything?” Arjun asked in a shock.
“I wanted you to say it first,” she answered and they again looked at each other. “I kept on waiting, but, you never came,” Radhika added. She got emotional this time and turned around to resist herself from crying.
Arjun held her hand tenderly. “Don’t go,” he said, his face was showing the fear of losing Radhika again. He stood in front of her, bowed down on his knees. “Radhika, I love you. Will you marry me?” and he proposed her. Radhika got goosebumps all around and she closed her eyes gently to feel the warmth of the moment.
Life had given so many surprises to Radhika but this was the best she was getting. She somehow managed to gain her senses back “Umm, How would I know that you love me? She asked the same question that every girl ask her man. Arjun got up. “Do you know how it feels when you lost your way and then return home safely?” he asked her. “I think so,” she replied, confused.
“I’m feeling the same right now and I don’t want to lose you again,” he said, looking into her eyes, affectionately.
There was so much love in Arjun’s eyes that Radhika couldn’t take off her eyes from him. “How much do you love me? What can you give me?” she asked, continually looking into his eyes.
“You know, I can give you anything except one thing,” he answered.
“What is it?” Radhika asked.
“Answer to this question because my love for you is unconditional,” he replied and won Radhika’s heart in no time. Radhika smiled and blushed. Finally, Radhika had found the man of her dreams and Arjun the princess of his life. They both decided to give their parents the good news that they were ready to marry each other.
“So, Is this an arrange marriage or love?” Radhika asked Arjun, on their way back to living room.
“I think it’s just a marriage. It doesn’t matter whether you are going for an arrange marriage or a love. What matters is how compatible you are as a couple. Do you feel a magical connection when you meet someone? Love is not choosing your partner beforehand and started liking him. In fact, it is a connection that you feel, it is a feeling of getting back your lost home even if you are meeting each other for the first time,” Arjun elaborated. Radhika nodded her head in yes and they both went inside to celebrate their unconditional love.
New Year is not just a celebration but a medium to express happiness of stepping into another new phase of life by manifesting positive vibes, fighting against all odds and challenges, learning from the past and moving on. It was a way to tell the universe that we have won one more battle and is ready for a more challenging one.
The clock struck half past 11. “Only half an hour and it’s a new year,” I said to myself, turning another page of the book. “How strange it is, we have 31 million seconds in a year and all this passes like a dream, just like you close your eyes, make a wish, open it and it’s a new year” I wondered, laying on the sofa in the living room, sipping a cup of coffee.
I dwelled in a 3 BHK apartment, of which one room was occupied by my parents, one by my younger sister (which was actually mine before I left home) and one was the living room for guests. My parents were busy in their dreams and my sister with her friend. I, for the sake of giving her a sort of privacy decided to spend time in the living room (having no other option for myself).
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The newly released movie ‘Pink’ has bagged mixed reviews by the viewers but it has come up with a very powerful concept ‘feudal mindset of the people of India’ and how they judge a woman on different yardsticks. This movie has touched million hearts especially of women not only in India but overseas. It would not be wrong to say that whatever the movie has presented is a painful reality.
Now, you must be thinking that this is a review. Well, no this is not. This piece is all about my recent experience which reminded me that one ‘Pink’ is not enough to change people’s mindset. Regardless of how much people chant ‘we are educationally forward’ but they still need electric shocks to stabilize their brains. Let me narrate what had happened.
My room mate is younger to me and she is new in the PG(paying guest) in which I live. She has never experienced a PG life before. So, her elder brother who works in a multinational company in Gurgaon and is bearing all her expenses(personal and educational) ,which I believe is remarkable, visits frequently to meet her.
He came outside the PG few days back as per routine and my room mate went to meet her bhaiya. I was busy doing my own tasks, all of a sudden, my room mate came inside, panicked and she asked for an ointment. I tried to ask her what happened but she didn’t utter a single word and ran outside again. I followed her in order to find out the issue.
I went outside and asked her brother that Is everything all right with the two. He told me that he was attacked by a group of hooligans on his way to PG and that they tried to snatch his mobile phone. He had a cut on his face on the right side but fortunately it was not deep. He also assured her sister that he is fine and there is nothing to worry about. Afterwards, I came inside leaving the two together.
After few minutes, my room mate too came inside. She was upset. I told her to be calm and that his brother will be fine. But, unfortunately that was not the reason of her anxiety. She told me that she was bidding goodbye to her brother when our landlord(male) came outside and started shouting at them ‘Don’t stand here in front of my house. People will comment me that such type of girls stay here. It is the question of my reputation’. They both didn’t say anything and his brother left quietly. The girl assured our landlord that she will take care of this in future and told him everything about what had happened and that he was her brother.
I suggested her to let go and relax. The next morning my room mate left for her home town due to some reasons. In the evening, when I returned to PG ,tired and hungry, I was about to dine. Abruptly, a girl who stays in the room next to mine in the same PG came to me. She locked the door of my room secretly and asked me about what had happened,’uncle was shouting a lot’ she said, ‘Kya scene hogya uncle bahut bol rahe the’. ‘What?’ I asked her.
‘Ki ye ladkiyan apne boyfriends ko le kar bahar khadi ho jaati hain'(These girls stand outside with their boyfriends). I was completely shocked and couldn’t believe my ears that what actually I was hearing and the very first thought that came into my mind was ‘People are really heartless’. I was furious and wanted to ask my landlord what the hell was that. But then I decided to stay calm. I left my plate in the room and went downstairs.
Technically, I should have shouted on him but I didn’t. I talked to him casually and told him that there was no need to make such an issue when he is aware of what actually had happened.
‘We girls know our responsibilities very well because we are living alone without our parents. This is the courage of our parents that they have sent us here despite knowing how unsafe the world is and we will not hurt them and break their trust ever’ were my words and I came back.
I’m not sharing this because I wanted to tell you what I said and how I felt. This is not my story, yeah, but this a girl’s story and I’m also a girl. I stood by her in her absence only because It was my moral duty to support the right thing. Moreover, this could have happened with me also.
Eventually, I realized that alone a Pink cannot make a difference, we need more and it is the responsibility of all of us. A change will only begin to happen if it will start from our own homes not only by hitting a like on a Facebook page related to change or merely by changing profile pictures. We are not ‘forward’ rather we are ‘coward’. So, start changing yourself and make your mind and soul forward. This was the only motive of sharing this story.
The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi launched a ‘Clean Bureaucracy’ Campaign in the country this year. He prepared a list of 125 corrupt bureaucrats and told them to take a voluntary retirement. This move of modi government was in the view to keep a check on the corruption and take measures to make the bureaucrats accountable and responsible. This shows how much is the need to look into the deeper sections of the Indian bureaucracy as a whole.
Bureaucracy in some form or other has existed from the times immemorial. In ancient India when monarchy was the predominant form of government, the various categories of the countries constituted the bureaucracy. In India, Lord Cornwallis is credited with creating the bureaucracy. But today, the country is encompassed by the intricating web of corrupt bureaucracy or babus and so is loosing ground of its own.
After independence, we got bureaucracy not democracy, said Bhaskar Rao Gorantla, Research Director of National Social Watch(India) while addressing a gathering of civil society representatives at a consultation programmes organised by Karnataka Social Watch on administrative reforms. Listing various structural problems in the administration he said, although the central and state level administrations have undergone a positive change since independence, the district/local level administrative bodies have not undergone any significant changes. “Wide powers of control over Panchayati Raj Institutions(PRI) have been vested with the state bureaucracy. This takes away the essential characterstics of the PRIs he said.
Presenting the gist of the ‘Administrative Reforms for Good Governance’ a book by NC Saxena , former director of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administartion, Rao said it is very essential to replace the entire system , as we change the entire structure when 70 percent pipes have leakage issues.
Bureaucracy is said to be one of the pillars of the democracy. It is the backbone of the country and it is very unfortunate to say that this backbone is becoming spineless. The system has handicapped over the time which also raises questions on the country’s independence.
It is very unfortunate for the people of the country like India whose past has been of fighters and combatants who fought for the light of the freedom are constructing dark ages, taking the country way back to 1947. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on the first independence day of the country said “At the stroke of midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.” But in reality, by the time as India is stepping into it’s 70th year of Independence, it is losing it’s freedom in real sense. It is even more tragic that inspite of impeding this malicious fiend they are digging ditches for others.
India is believed to be the largest democracy in the world(because of the sheer number of people who are listed voters). With 1.25 billion people, it is home to 8 major religions, over 4600 castes as well as 22 federally recognised, 122 major and 1599 other languages in use. Besides, being the largest democracy it is also believed to be the most diverse democracy in the world.
It is a pungent reality that India has failed to achieve it’s democracy after so many years of independence. The people raising their voice against the tribulations are shaken and suppressed by the corrupt bureaucrats for their personal benefits. In concise, it can be said that India is undemocratically democratic.
A Former Chief Vigilance Commissioner(CVC) of India, N Vittal, once said in an interview “If you ask me who is more corrupt between a politician and a bureaucrat, for statistical reasons, I would say a bureaucrat. A corrupt politician can be thrown out any second. But a bureaucrat stays for 30 years in the government, in terms of the length and the government, bureaucratic corruption is more than political corruption.”
The other side of this tragic fact is that Bureaucracy is not the only perpetrator , it is the bureaucrats and politicians nexus that is making country void. An article in the Forbes India stated that ‘Bureaucracy is like a well trained horse but if the rider is not appropriate the horse would not do the right job.’
In “Vayapam scam of Madhya Pradesh, which had been going on since the 1990s, over 2000 persons, including the state’s education minister had been arrested. Over 40 persons involved with the investigation, had died in mysterious circumstances. Vayapam scam is a sad reflection on politicians and bureaucrats in India.
The Reservation policy also plays an important role in promoting this nexus all over the country employing reserved bureaucrats in the service by the politicians. The sleaze in the country has become a cult. This has deprived the people of the country from many needs and is responsible for the other factors affecting the independence like poverty, unemployment, hunger, education, and cultural and regional disparities.
There is also a failure of Judiciary which has brought the country on the back foot. If the case of corrupt politicians runs into the courts then the judiciary take years to come to a conclusion. The delay in the decision made lesser the chances of justice to the people and the corrupt nexus takes the very advantage of it as in the DLF scam.
There is a need to take various reforms by the honest government officials and bureaucrats and moreover by the public to take the country to the another level. A constant check on the bureaucracy should be kept over and again and avenge those guilty and especially there is a need to impart moral values in the aspiring bureaucrats of the country whereas Media needs to act as a game changer. It should not only sensationalize the issues but to give it a new perspective. It should focus on the important issues and raise what should be raised. It should not indulge into senseless talk and try to fight against the evils. Moreover, it should not try to be defensive and shouts unnecessarily for proving their point. They should work with facts and logic and in a civilized manner.
Bureaucrats will only learn to respect the law when media will play its part in placing pressure on the judiciary. Henceforth, media should act as a backbone not as a horrifying nightmare for the masses. Concentrating on the weaknesses in the system, judiciary needs to fasten it’s process of giving justice to the people for the maintenance of law and order in the country. The corrupt lawyers and legal advisors should be thrown out of the courts.The cleaning drive is the essence of the freedom. The muck and mull of these corrupts monsters needs to be clean. One needs to teach a lessen about the true meaning of democracy to these corrupt monsters.
Freedom in a real sense can only be achieved if people get freedom from the corrupt bureaucrats, freedom of the media to raise the pained voice and freedom from the delays made in granting justice to the people in the courts.
I’m a human being. I was born on the earth of India. So, my identification is Indian. I respect my National Flag and I have grown up singing ‘Jan Gan Man’ as the National Anthem.
Although, My country has countless problems like corruption, unemployment. At times, I feel awful but I’m not the only one to feel so. There are many more people like me who holds the same nationality and feels the same.
Every now and then, I held the system responsible for all this because I have the ‘Freedom of Speech and Expression’ which is my fundamental right .
But I must not forget that this right has been given to me by my own country for my own convenience. Moreover, When it is about ‘Being National’, I would not give any right to any external force to provide any damage to my country.
In my opinion ‘A nationalist is a person with strong patriotic feelings, especially one who believes in the superiority of their country over others’. I, being a common citizen of my country , like others, love my country, even though, I have differences in my opinion from others at some level but when it is about nationalism , I proudly chant the song ‘Saare jahan se acha Hindustan humara’ (Our India is the best among the rest).
Our country is our habitat. It feeds us, We carry the nationality of our own country, We always want to see our country on peak . Everyone has differences of opinion, but it does not mean that we stand on the road and chant anti-national slogans.
Coming to what happened in JNU. A group of students raised anti-national slogans only because an event named ‘Against the judicial killing of the Afzal Guru’ which was organised by those so-called ‘nationalists’ was cancelled by the authority.
Chanting slogans is not wrong but chanting anti- national slogans is something that is beyond the pale. I’m not saying that people of our country does not have the right to express their views. They have the freedom of speech and expression but this right holds some restrictions also.
Freedom of Speech
Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution of India guarantees to all its citizens the right to freedom of speech and expression. The law states that, “all citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression”.
Under Article 19(2) “reasonable restrictions can be imposed on the exercise of this right for certain purposes. Any limitation on the exercise of the right under Article 19(1) (a) not falling within the four corners of Article 19(2) cannot be valid. Opinions freely by words of mouth, writing, printing, pictures or any other mode.
Free expression cannot be equated or confused with a license to make unfounded and irresponsible allegations against the judiciary. It is important to note that a restriction on the freedom of speech of any citizen may be placed as much by an action of the State as by its inaction. Thus, failure on the part of the State to guarantee to all its citizens irrespective of their circumstances and the class to which they belong, the fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression would constitute a violation of Article 19(1)(a).
In a democracy, freedom of speech & expression opens up channels of free discussion of issues. Freedom of speech plays a crucial role in the formation of public opinion on social, economic & political matters. It embraces within its scope the freedom of propagation and interchange of ideas, dissemination of information which would help formation of one’s opinion & view point & debates on matters of public concern. So long as the expression is confined to nationalism, patriotism & love for the motherland, the use of National flag by the way of expression of those sentiments would be a Fundamental Right.
Grounds of Restrictions
1) Security of State: The term “security of state” refers only to serious and aggravated forms of public order e.g. rebellion, waging war against the State, insurrection and not ordinary breaches of public order and public safety, e.g. unlawful assembly, riot, affray. Thus speeches or expression on the part of an individual, which incite to or encourage the commission of violent crimes, such as, murder are matters, which would undermine the security of State.
2) Public Order: Here it is pertinent to look into meaning of the word “Public order. ‘Public order’ is synonymous with public peace, safety and tranquility. Anything that disturbs public tranquility or public peace disturbs public order. Thus communal disturbances and strikes promoted with the sole object of accusing unrest among workmen are offences against public order. Public order thus implies absence of violence and an orderly state of affairs in which citizens can peacefully pursue their normal avocation of life. Public order also includes public safety. Thus creating internal disorder or rebellion would affect public order and public safety. But mere criticism of government does not necessarily disturb public order.
3) The words ‘In the interest of public order’ includes not only such utterances as are directly intended to lead to disorder but also those that have the tendency to lead to disorder. Thus a law punishing utterances made with the deliberate intention to hurt the religious feelings of any class of persons is valid because it imposes a restriction on the right of free speech in the interest of public order.
4) Sovereignty and integrity of India- To maintain sovereignty and integrity of a state is prime duty of government. Taking into it into account, freedom of speech and expression can be restricted so as not to permit any one to challenge sovereignty or to permit any one to preach something which will result in threat to integrity of the country.
From above analysis, it is evident that Grounds contained in Article 19(2) show that they are all concerned with the national interest or in the interest of the society.
Now, coming back to what had happened in the JNU.
An event was organised whose title was ‘Judicial killing of the Afzal Guru’ , the permission of which was taken by giving false information to the JNU authority. When the authority came to know about the truth they cancelled the permission immediately.
To simplify the issue that what was wrong in organising the event, I gathered some facts about Afzal Guru which I have taken from Wikipedia.
Who was Afzal Guru?
Guru was born in Du Aabgah village near Sopore town in the Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir in 1969 to the family of Habibullah. His native place is Sopore and he was doing a commission agency business.
It was during this business venture that he came into contact with Tariq of Anantnag, who motivated him to join Jihad for the liberation of Kashmir. He crossed the Line of Control and proceeded to Muzaffarabad, Pak occupied Kashmir. He became a member of Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front and then returned to Sopore shortly afterward to lead 300 rebels.
On a visit to Kashmir in 1998, he married a Baramulla native Tabasum. He did odd jobs and completed his graduation from Delhi University in the year 1993–94. Shaukat who was friend of Gilani, made Guru visit Geelani and they used to discuss Jihad and the “liberation” of Kashmir.
The 13 December 2001 attack was conducted into the Parliament. On 15 December 2001, the special cell of Delhi Police, with the help of leads relating to the car used and cellphone records, arrested Guru from Srinagar, his cousin Shaukat Husain Guru, Shaukat’s wife Afsan Guru (Navjot Sandhu before marriage) and S A R Gilani, a lecturer of Arabic at Delhi University were also arrested by the police. On 4 August 2005, the Supreme Court, upheld the death sentence for Afzal Guru while it commuted Shaukat Hussain Guru’s sentence from death to 10 years imprisonment.
In its judgement, the Supreme Court observed:
“As criminal acts took place pursuant to the conspiracy, the appellant, as a party to the conspiracy, shall be deemed to have abetted the offence. In fact, he took active part in a series of steps taken to pursue the objective of conspiracy.”
Supreme Court of India, Judgement on Appeal by Guru on August 5, 2005.
However, Some people believed that Afzal Guru didn’t receive a fair trial. Here are few details about these people.
I. Communist Party Of India (Marxist) leads the Left Front coalition of leftist parties.
II. Praful Bidwa (a well known face of left intellectual tradition in Indian media. He himself had taken part in various left-leaning regional movements in the past and was in long term association with them even after).
III. Arundhati Roy (An Indian author, In an August 2008 interview with the Times of India, Arundhati Roy expressed her support for the independence of Kashmir from India. According to her, Kashmiris desire secession from India, and not union with India.
Roy’s description of the Maoists as “Gandhians” raised a controversy. In other statements, she has described Naxalites as “patriot of a kind” who are “fighting to implement the Constitution, (while) the government is vandalising it”.
In November 2010, Roy, was brought up on charges of sedition by the Delhi Police. The filing of the First Information Report came following a directive from a local court on a petition filed by Sushil Pandit who alleged that Roy made anti-India speeches at a conference on “Azadi-the Only Way” on 21 October 2010. In the words of Arundhati Roy “Kashmir has never been an integral part of India”.
On 21 August 2011, at the height of Anna Hazare’s anti-corruption campaign, Arundhati Roy criticised Hazare and his movement in an opinion piece published in The Hindu.
In 2013, Roy described Narendra Modi’s nomination for the prime ministerial candidate as a “tragedy”.
At last, here is the case of the Afzal Guru in detail.
I. On 15 December 2001, the special cell of Delhi Police, with the help of leads relating to the car used and cellphone records, arrested Guru from Srinagar.
II. Police filed a charge-sheet in the case on 15 May 2002. The trial started after charges were framed against the four accused on 4 June 2002.
III. After his arrest, Guru made a confessional statement which bore his signature, recorded by the DCP, special cell. It was recorded in the preamble of the confession that DCP had asked policemen present there to leave the room. The Supreme Court was angered by the act of police officials, who, in their over-zealousness, had arranged for a media interview.However, after seven months, Guru disowned this confession and the Supreme Court did not accept the earlier confession as evidence against him.
IV. On 22 December 2001, the case was brought before an special POTA Court under sessions judge S N Dhingra and the trial started on 8 July 2002, and was conducted on a day-to-day basis.
V. On 18 December 2002, relying on the circumstantial evidence, the special court awarded capital punishment to Guru.
VI. An appeal was made to the Delhi High Court, but after going through the case and taking into consideration various authorities and precedents, the Court found that the conviction of Guru was correct and hence his appeal was dismissed.
VII. On 4 August 2005, the Supreme Court, upheld the death sentence for Afzal Guru.
VIII. Guru filed a review petition before the Supreme Court seeking review of its judgement. However, on 22 September 2005, the review petition too came to be dismissed by the Supreme Court.
In its judgement, the Supreme Court observed:
“As criminal acts took place pursuant to the conspiracy, the appellant, as a party to the conspiracy, shall be deemed to have abetted the offence. In fact, he took active part in a series of steps taken to pursue the objective of conspiracy.
The Supreme Court observed that mostly, the conspiracies are proved by the circumstantial evidence.It held that the circumstances detailed in the judgment clearly established that Guru was associated with the deceased militants in almost every act done by them in order to achieve the objective of attacking the Parliament House.
In October 2006, Guru’s wife Tabasum Guru filed a mercy petition with then President of India A. P. J. Abdul Kalam. In June 2007, Supreme Court dismissed Guru’s plea.
On 7 September 2011, a high intensity bomb blast outside Delhi high court killed 11 people and left 76 others injured. In an e-mail sent to a media house Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami, an Islamic fundamentalist organisation, owned responsibility for the attack and claimed the blast was carried out in retaliation to Parliament attack convict Guru’s death sentence.
“We own the responsibility for today’s blasts at Delhi high court. Our demand is that Mohammed Afzal Guru’s death sentence should be repealed immediately else we would target major high courts and the Supreme Court of India.”
On 3 February 2013, Guru’s mercy petition was rejected by the President of India. Afzal Guru was hanged six days later on 9 February 2013.
It is to be noted:
The All-India Anti-Terrorist Front Chairman Maninderjeet Singh Bitta urged the President of India not to accept any clemency pleas on Afzal’s behalf.
An India Today poll in late October showed that 78% of Indians supported the death penalty for Afzal.
At the end, I only want to say that raising your voice is not bad but raising your voice after analysing the facts is very important. Incomplete knowledge of anything can take you to the wrong way.
This article is purely based on the facts taken from the Wikipedia.